International clean energy initiatives launched
Projects / Policy, July 22 2010 (Carbon Capture Journal)
– At the world’s first Clean Energy Ministerial, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced that the U.S. is helping launch more than 10 international clean energy initiatives, including one for CCS.
The overall aim is to eliminate the need to build more than 500 mid-sized power plants world-wide in the next 20 years.
Ministers pledged to establish a Carbon Capture Use and Storage Action Group to be led by the United Kingdom and Australia to “facilitate political and business leadership and develop a Global Strategic Implementation Plan to examine how to overcome key barriers to the deployment of Carbon Capture Use and Storage (CCUS)”.
The Action Group will be made up of Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Norway, South Africa, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Business and other partners include Aker Clean Carbon, the Carbon Capture and Storage Association, the Center for American Progress, the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute, the International Energy Agency, Sasol, Scottish Power, Shell, the World Coal Institute, and the World Resources Institute. Additional partners are invited to get involved.
Through the Global Strategic Implementation Plan, governments, businesses, and organisations will seek to develop recommendations for the next Clean Energy Ministerial, to be held in the UK in 2012, on overcoming barriers to CCS deployment under five key themes: strategic direction, financing, use and storage, regulation, and knowledge sharing.
A number of countries have already announced new activities to progress these themes:
Use and Storage
1. The United States has announced the selection of five new projects in the third round of the Clean Coal Power Initiative program. The projects will demonstrate advanced coal technologies with carbon capture utilization and storage at commercial scale. These projects represent an investment of more than US$1.25 billion, including funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which will be leveraged by more than US$4.5 billion in private capital cost share. When operating, the five projects will capture and sequester or beneficially reuse a total of nearly 8 million tons of CO2 per year.
2. The United States will be selecting key projects for pilot scale development for phase two of the Industrial CCS (ICCS) program, which is part of a US$1.4 billion effort to capture CO2 from industrial sources for storage or beneficial use.
3. The United States of America and Australia launched a project to examine CO2 reuse opportunities and their commercial value, which could play a transitional incentive to offset the cost of capture. This will be supported by a UK-funded study on the abatement potential of CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery with permanent storage.
4. South Africa announced a new national storage atlas which will be published in August, which sets out a high-level storage assessment of South Africa. This will be further developed through a collaboration with the UK to map selected basins in detail.
5. The North American Carbon Atlas Partnership (NACAP), comprised of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, announced the development of an atlas of North America that identifies the major sources of CO2 and the potential geological formations available for its storage. They have agreed to compatible methodologies and identified geological basins suitable for storing CO2, and are working to ensure that the applicable information technology systems in our respective countries can be linked to provide the complete North American database.
6. The UK, Norway, and Germany announced the findings of a study on behalf of the North Sea Basin Task Force (which also includes the Netherlands), highlighting that the North Sea Basin could play a significant role in the deployment of CCS in Europe and that cross-border CO2 transport and storage would be an important factor in the North Sea Area if CCS is deployed widely from 2020.
7. The United States and Canada announced US$5.2 million in new funding for the Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project, which will further the knowledge and research in measurement, monitoring and verification of CO2 storage in depleted oil reservoirs, and the creation of a Best Practices Manual to guide all aspects of CO2 geological storage projects in depleted oil fields worldwide.
1. The Action Group acknowledged the principles developed by the IEA/CSLF in cooperation with the Global CCS Institute on CCS readiness and will consider them in developing locally appropriate guidelines.
2. The UK will support Indonesia in undertaking a study on the feasibility of designing new coal-and gas-fired units as CO2 capture-ready in Indonesia, with a report due in March 2011.
1. The Action Group acknowledged principles developed by the IEA/CSLF in cooperation with the GCCSI on knowledge sharing and agreed to consider how they can be taken forward as part of the Action Group.
A considerable amount of work is already underway through existing forums such as the IEA, the CSLF and the Global CCS Institute. The Action Group will complement and build on these activities and request the IEA, CSLF, and Global CCS Institute to continue to provide analysis as necessary, and to track the progress of CCS development. As part of this support, the Global CCS Institute is developing a stocktake of progress against the MEF Technology Action Plan to highlight what is already being done and identify gaps.